Leveraging the COVID-19 response to end preventable child deaths from pneumonia

Six strategic actions to end pneumonia deaths


  1.  Develop and implement pneumonia control strategies
    Define clear targets, as part of wider child survival strategies and plans to strengthen
    primary health care and achieve universal health coverage. Pneumonia control efforts
    must be multisectoral, engaging the sectors of nutrition; air quality; social welfare; water,
    sanitation, and hygiene; and education. These efforts must take place at the community,
    national, regional, and global levels.
  2.  Prioritise vulnerable populations
    Focus efforts on reducing exposure to poverty, malnutrition, air pollution, and conflict,
    and on increasing access to good-quality local health services, including in fragile and
    humanitarian settings.
  3.  Finance pneumonia control and treatment adequately
    Provide adequate and well coordinated domestic and development spending.
  4. Accelerate breakthrough innovations
    Increase investment in research and development in areas where cost-effective
    technologies and systems increase efficiencies and prevent the most pneumonia deaths.
  5.  Track progress with transparency, accountability, and inclusiveness
    Ensure easy access to good-quality and timely data and regular reporting on progress on
    child mortality, including on the pneumonia target of less than three pneumonia deaths
    per 1000 livebirths by 2025.13
  6.  Strengthen partnerships
    Engage all relevant health and non-health, private, and public actors at global and country


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© 2020. United Nations. Published by Elsevier Ltd/Inc/BV. All rights reserved.
*Henrietta H Fore, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus,
Kevin Watkins, Leith Greenslade, Seth Berkley, Quique Bassat,
Philippe Duneton, Keith Klugman, Alma Golden
UNICEF, New York, NY 10017, USA (HHF); World Health Organization, Geneva,
Switzerland (TAG); Save the Children, London, UK (KW); Every Breath Counts
Coalition, New York, NY, USA (LG); Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, Geneva,
Switzerland (SB); Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain (QB);
Unitaid, Geneva, Switzerland (PD); Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle,
WA, USA (KK); and United States Agency for International Development,
Washington, DC, USA (AG)


Every Breath Counts

Our success in reducing child mortality is health extension workers

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