Six strategic actions to end pneumonia deaths
- Develop and implement pneumonia control strategies
Define clear targets, as part of wider child survival strategies and plans to strengthen
primary health care and achieve universal health coverage. Pneumonia control efforts
must be multisectoral, engaging the sectors of nutrition; air quality; social welfare; water,
sanitation, and hygiene; and education. These efforts must take place at the community,
national, regional, and global levels.
- Prioritise vulnerable populations
Focus efforts on reducing exposure to poverty, malnutrition, air pollution, and conflict,
and on increasing access to good-quality local health services, including in fragile and
- Finance pneumonia control and treatment adequately
Provide adequate and well coordinated domestic and development spending.
- Accelerate breakthrough innovations
Increase investment in research and development in areas where cost-effective
technologies and systems increase efficiencies and prevent the most pneumonia deaths.
- Track progress with transparency, accountability, and inclusiveness
Ensure easy access to good-quality and timely data and regular reporting on progress on
child mortality, including on the pneumonia target of less than three pneumonia deaths
per 1000 livebirths by 2025.13
- Strengthen partnerships
Engage all relevant health and non-health, private, and public actors at global and country
© 2020. United Nations. Published by Elsevier Ltd/Inc/BV. All rights reserved.
*Henrietta H Fore, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus,
Kevin Watkins, Leith Greenslade, Seth Berkley, Quique Bassat,
Philippe Duneton, Keith Klugman, Alma Golden
UNICEF, New York, NY 10017, USA (HHF); World Health Organization, Geneva,
Switzerland (TAG); Save the Children, London, UK (KW); Every Breath Counts
Coalition, New York, NY, USA (LG); Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, Geneva,
Switzerland (SB); Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain (QB);
Unitaid, Geneva, Switzerland (PD); Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle,
WA, USA (KK); and United States Agency for International Development,
Washington, DC, USA (AG)